Learn About How Is Testosterone Made In The Male Body

The Facts On How Testosterone Is Made


Testosterone, the male hormone that holds a high importance in sexual development as well as reproductive purposes. However, where is testosterone located and how does the body produce it? We should warn you that the process behind testosterone production is a rather complicated one. This makes it understandable when testosterone levels get out of whack. There are many things that can alter the production of testosterone.

One thing that you must know is the makeup of testosterone. Without of which you might be lost later on. This is extremely important when it comes to understanding the production of testosterone within the body. What you need to know is that testosterone is actually 19 carbon steroid hormone, that is made from cholesterol. It provides many benefits to the body. The average male produces about 7 mg of testosterone every day. Yet, not every part of testosterone can be used by the body, and it is important to know the difference between the good and the bad.

Testosterone can actually be broken down into three different types.

The purest of these types is what is known as free testosterone. This gets its name because it is free of protein. Even though this could be argued as the most important, this is only about 2-3 percent of the total testosterone level. Free testosterone is unbound by other molecules and enters cells and activates receptors which will work with the body and mind. That is what makes it so vital.

The second type is known as sex hormone-binding Globulin or (SHBG). This is actually produced in the liver. It plays a part in regulating the levels of testosterone. However, biologically, this is inactive. It does not help with building muscles or affects moods. This is technically not bad, but too much of (SHBG) can be a problem. This is why even those with a high level of testosterone can still suffer from a deficiency. The (SHBG) actually binds itself to testosterone and does not leave enough free testosterone for the body. Diet and lifestyle choices can play a factor in the reduction of (SHBG), which makes more room for free testosterone.

Lastly, there is Albumin-bound testosterone. This is what is left over after you separate the other two. This is bound loosely to the protein Albumin. It is also produced in the liver. This even stabilizes extra cellar-fluid levels but like (SHBG) it is also biologically inactive. However, the bind between Albumin and the testosterone is very weak and can be easily broken in order to create free testosterone whenever it might be needed.

While a small amount of testosterone is produced in the adrenal gland that is located on top of the kidney, the majority is produced in the testicles.

This process starts inside the brain. It's much like workers that are in a production line in a warehouse. As the hypothalamus detects that the body needs more testosterone. This triggers the gonadotropin-releasing hormone. Which makes its way down to the pituitary gland, located in the back of the brain. It is the pituitary gland that produces both the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). These hormones use the bloodstream to travel to the testicles.

Once these hormones are in the testicles they complete two different functions. While (FSH) produces sperm, (LH) stimulates the Leydig cells within the testicles.

These go through a very complicated process within the testicles. Leydig cells convert cholesterol in the body into testosterone. So, basically, cholesterol is the main ingredient when it comes to producing testosterone. As the Leydig cells absorb cholesterol from the bloodstream it converts it into testosterone. However, in some situations, there might not be enough cholesterol in the body, and that's okay. In moments like these when there might not be enough cholesterol in the system, the testicles have the ability to produce their own. Which can later be converted into testosterone? However, be sure that your body has a sufficient amount of cholesterol intake on a regular basis. While the testicles do have the ability to produce cholesterol for this process, if there is too high of a demand for it it will cause problems. This could even prevent the production of testosterone from happening at all.

Once there is enough testosterone in the body, it will slowly work its way through the bloodstream. However, most of the produced testosterone becomes either (SHBG) or Albumin. What's left of the free testosterone will circulate the body through the bloodstream and helps the body and the mind to function properly. Just as the entire thing had started, once the hypothalamus figures out that the body has produced enough testosterone it will go through the process of shutting down the production. It does this by signaling to the pituitary gland that it no longer needs to produce (FSH) or (LH) at that time. Once the pituitary gland stops producing these hormones then they are no longer in the bloodstream. This will eventually put a stop to these hormones entering the testicles which will put a stop to all production processes going on in there. This pause of production will remain until the hypothalamus decides that the body needs more testosterone again.